AS Hawaii's Kilauea volcano continues to release lava following two weeks of violent eruptions, now is a good a time as any to explore the science behind the rocky magma-spewers. And we've gathered some expert commentary from a living-breathing volcanologist (yes, it's a speciality, and an awesome one at that) to break it all down. Dr Jessica Johnson spent two years on a research fellowship at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, focused on Kilauea, making her the ideal person to dish out the fiery facts. But let's start with the basics first. How are volcanoes made? Volcanoes form when magma (melted molten rock) from below the Earth's crust muscles its way to the surface. Magma packs different gases, chief among them carbon dioxide, water vapour and sulphur dioxide. It is stored in magma chambers that are sealed by a lid of solid rock. When it reaches the top, it causes eruptions of lava and ash. And as it cools down, it forms rock. This is the beginning of a volcano's formation, … [Read more...] about How do volcanoes form and why is the Hawaii volcano still erupting? Kilauea volcanologist dishes out the fiery facts
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It's not just you. The sci-fi western that ignited fandoms back in 2016 is back--Westworld Season 2 is airing on HBO, and it's already almost halfway over. But it just doesn't feel the same. Westworld Season 2 isn't the cultural event--the only thing anyone can talk about Monday mornings, the source of as much speculation and theorizing as every new Game of Thrones episode--that Season 1 was.It's a bit of a mystery why exactly that might be, but I have some theories.Westworld Season 1 ended on a banger. The Man in Black was William, Bernard was a host, and Ford sacrificed himself to catalyze the robot uprising. If you were part of the massive online community of Westworld fans who combed through each new episode looking for clues, you probably saw those surprises coming. If you weren't one of those people, you might have been shocked by all the twists. But Westworld Season 1 gave even casual fans plenty of reasons to keep watching every week, whether it was the emotional resonance of … [Read more...] about Why Westworld Season 2 Isn’t Really Working
Have you noticed that you don’t hear much aboutDestiny 2 anymore? Destiny 2 seems to have fallen off the map, after launching to considerable sales and excitement just six months ago. It promised a bigger world to explore and more stuff to do than its predecessor did. The game launched to rapturous acclaim, from this outlet and from pretty much all the others. So why does it seem like no one is playing anymore? Microtransactions 2017 was the year game publishers tried to push microtransactions to the next level, and the audience pushed back. Destiny 2 and Star Wars Battlefront 2 were the worst offenders, and both games have become cautionary tales. Bungie built the sequel around the Eververse real-money economy, and this adjustment poisoned many of the features that should have been clear improvements over the original game. Destiny 2’s Bright Engram loot boxes were filled with enough cool and useful stuff that it felt kind of crummy to ignore them, or to subsist on the … [Read more...] about Is Destiny 2 dead?
Like clockwork, we are back with another roundup of the very best gaming deals that have made themselves known throughout the course of the week. As usual, we’ve got deals that’ll work in the UK, deals that’ll work in the US and some deals that will work in both the UK and US, as well as presumably many other places. Let’s get started. UK & US Deals Humble’s brand new, genre-spanning bundle is the Humble ‘Classics Return’ Bundle, which features a variety of fan favourites returning from the dead. These include Broken Sword, Tex Murphy, Wasteland 2 and more. Here’s what the whole bundle looks like: Pay what you want: Broken Sword 5: The Serpent’s Curse Shadowrun Returns Tesla Effect: A Tex Murphy Adventure Pay more than the average: Shadowrun Hong Kong Wasteland 2: Director’s Cut Age of Wonders 3 Xenonauts Pay $15 (around £11) or more Torment: Tides of Numenera Dreamfall Chapters: The Final Cut Edition … [Read more...] about This week’s best gaming deals: Surface Pro discounts, Yakuza Kiwami, Titanfall 2, and more
We've come to expect copious amounts of violence and nudity on premium TV these days thanks to shows like Game of Thrones, but Altered Carbon takes it to a whole new level. It can feel a little excessive, especially in the first few episodes. But the further you get into Altered Carbon, the more you realize how smart the show actually is--how effectively it gets across its themes and ideas, often by showing rather than telling. It makes you wonder: Why is there so much nudity and violence in Altered Carbon? The Netflix show's writer, executive producer, and showrunner, Laeta Kalogridis, has a very good answer. "There's a lot of bravery on the part of our cast, male and female, and a lot of commitment in trying to get across one of the core premises--because there are a great many interlocking ideas that we're trying to bring forward. One of them is that there is a disposability to the human body once you create this kind of technology," Kalogridis told GameSpot. In the world of Altered … [Read more...] about Why Is There So Much Nudity And Violence In Netflix’s Altered Carbon?